One of the largest fleets in Europe
At December 31, 2013, the Air France-KLM group ﬂeet comprised 611 aircraft, of which 583 were operational compared with, respectively, 629 and 597 aircraft at December 31, 2012, including the 24 Airlinair aircraft which entered the consolidation scope in early 2013 and the aircraft of the CityJet and KLM subsidiaries which are in the disposal process.
A continued pro-active fleet policy
The Air France-KLM group pursued its pro-active ﬂeet policy whose objective is, ﬁrstly, to ensure a ﬂeet scaled in line with the Group’s activity and, secondly, to take full advantage of technological developments to further reduce the impact of activity on the environment. This Air France-KLM group ﬂeet policy is guided by the same four key principles deﬁned three years ago which have even more relevance currently:
- meet the need for ﬂeet renewal and expansion at the economic performance and marketing levels;
- remain compatible with the Group’s ﬁnancial capacity;
- preserve the asset value of the ﬂeet over the medium and long term;
- retain an adequate level of ﬂexibility in the ﬂeet plan.
During the 2013 ﬁnancial year, in line with previous commitments, 16 aircraft joined the ﬂeet and the thirty or so aircraft which left the ﬂeet, notably within the framework of the Transform 2015 plan, were for the most part at the end of their useful lives. The Air France-KLM group thus continued to modernize its ﬂeet while maintaining its ability to organize a signiﬁcant level of ﬂexibility thanks to the use of operating leases. Subject to notice periods, the Group remains able to adjust the size of its ﬂeet by terminating lease contracts or, inversely, renewing them after renegotiating the conditions. As in every year, a large number of contracts expired for each aircraft type in 2013 and were managed in the most appropriate manner.
At December 31, 2013, 38% of the total Group ﬂeet was fully owned (40% at December 31, 2012), 22% under ﬁnance lease (unchanged on December 31, 2012), and 40% under operating lease (38% at December 31, 2012).
A fleet plan marked by increased levels of economic and commercial performance, with even greater emphasis on safeguarding the future
Consistent with the decisions taken in 2012 on the reduction in long-haul capacity and the scaling back of medium-haul and regional activity, the order book saw few remaining postponements in aircraft deliveries. The Group also decided on an earlier-than-expected withdrawal from the aircraft sectors whose economic and commercial difﬁculties were proving too serious. For example, the closure of Air France’s Boeing 747-400 division (passenger and cargo) is planned for the end of 2015 and the closure of KLM’s MD-11 division (passenger) has been conﬁrmed for the autumn of 2014. The Group also pursued its policy of reconﬁguring long-haul cabins, particularly in Business and La Première, initially on the Boeing ﬂeets of the two companies.
The Transform 2015 plan is being reﬂected in a downsizing of the medium-haul and regional ﬂeets at Air France, virtual stability at KLM and growth in the Transavia France ﬂeet. The next phase will be the replacement, in the medium term, of KLM’s remaining Fokker 70s.The Group has received its ﬁrst Airbus A320s equipped with sharklets. Thanks to these orders, the Group now has a ﬂeet plan covering its needs, under very attractive conditions, through to 2021, in terms of both economics and ﬂexibility, both upwards and downwards.